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Khmer round village at Wat Choeung Ek

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Located about five kilometer from the Phnom Penh City, Wat Choeung Ek area, there was an ancient settlement during the end of the Metal age. Time and illicites excavations have left its marks on this prehistoric site and the Round Village (Phoum Moul in khmer language) is now in a very poor condition. The round form of this village is a sacred form and is a most beautiful example of the prehistoric culture showing us the architectural development of Phnom Penh City from previous historical period. Looking into this ancient remain we can see the history of area before the indianization of the region.

Khmer sculptures in prehistoric era


Having found some pots color during the end of metallographic that have picture drawing a person representation to ancestors. However, some ceramics are satisfaction of representing to existence of the exactly agriculture but that is also a sign of representing to the ancestors was been died long time ago.

The ancestor’s sculptures on the prehistoric period jar in Udon Thani’s Ban Chiang Village (Thai Reference).

The ancestor’s sculptures on the prehistoric period jar in Udon Thani’s Ban Chiang Village (Thai Referen

Khmer Vertically and Coffin stone in Kampuchea Krom

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Until now, there is still no any detail research on khmer prehistoric stone yet but there was existing document about Vertically sacred stone and stone coffin in Kampuchea Krom as below.

Vertically sacred stone
Until now, there is still no any thorough research on vertical stone or Menhir stone which was put on standing for religious causes in prehistory yet. This stone, in France, called Menhir is in the state of universal. The recent finding of these typical stones in Traninh of Laos and in Thailand revealed that the Menhir culture is one of stone architectures certainly built by Khmer ancestors. Off Memot, in the middle of a rounded village a vertical stonewasdiscovered but in Buddhist style because its lotus-shaped parts were embedded below.So what we see here is that when Indian religion propagated this area those sacred Menhir stones changed their forms and meanings and finally became border posts for pagodas. Please be informed that factors that can be main assistance to the view is that Buddhist-venerated sites is located in Kalasin province, Thailand there were numerous vertical stones found in prehistory in combination of borders in Indian style. In this context, we regard Khmer nationals to be really experienced with the vertical stone culture; however, under influences of Brahmanism and Buddhism those Menhir columns have become border posts or Buddhist boundaries (Sima) particularly in Chenla era. Mostly of them contain the carved biography of Buddha during last existence or Jataka.On the other hand, besides belief in vertical stone in the center of or near any district, village, or town which today called delimited stone (Thmor lak), our Khmer people also believe in grown stone that have similiar meanings to Menhir column that presumably called spirit stone of ancestral guardian of the soil. (Thmor Nakta Chas Srok).Truly, the belief in natural stones is a Neolithic culture that is universal because stone stands for solidity or immortality of nature in general and in the context of life, vertical stone is a symbol of organ or genitalia for reproduction.Until today, according to the will of people this typical column also stands for spirits or for stone of ancestral spirits and it has a power that stations and play a sacred role in protecting and looking after offspring in communities.

Khmer rounded and oval culture village

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Cambodia, Kompong Cham province, the rounded village number 15 in Krek, which took birth in late New Stone era (culture of Polish Stone), 5000-1500 BC. The typical culture still continued until Metal Age (around 1500 BC). Early 1st-century A.D saw habitats of Khmer communities of origin in historic era (town) or a number of main urban were developed under influence of Kalinga (Indian culture). In reality, the major number of rounded villages was abandoned due to unfavorable nature (low land).

The research on rounded villages in Cambodia by Paris and Parmentier and recently according to students of university of archeology in promotion 6, Khmer national in prehistoric time created their own architecture using land and timers as raw materials to erect homes, villages with ramparts that can protect them from fierce animal or from other tribes when at war. Generally, when we look down from the sky we can see it is like round. The village provides a habitat for Khmer traditional communities with natural soil wall of 1.80 meters of height surrounded. It is noticed that the majority of rounded villages have slopes from high hills situated in South-Eastern and heading downward North-West According to sources, some fosses have their sizes of between 20 meters to 25 meters especially in at sites of lot number 62/52 at rubber plantations in Kompong Cham province.The students' findings also revealed that in the complex of rounded villages there are some water fosses surrounding higher hills which has diameter about 150 meters to 200 meters. Researchers came to conclusions that through each rampart there are gateways for the village. Furthermore, in the center of some villages Menhir stones were discovered and believed to have relations with ancestral guardian of the soil. In some districts of Banteay Meanchey province, the tradition was preserved until today but in the image of Lak Moeung boundaries or ancestral guardian of Lak Moeung .“Moeung”, the Siam term, is referred to downtown.

Khmer traditional body tattoo in prehistoric era

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The late Neolithic and early Metal ages (2500years-500years BC) are the periods of time that Khmer ancestors still made a living as tribal farmers and had already practiced tattoo.

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