Cambodia is a country with diverse terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats supporting a great variety of species, many of which are endangered and threatened regionally or globally.
Remaining forest habitats, such as the dry dipterocarp forests in the north, are among the largest remaining expanses of this forest type left in the region and the wetlands within them provide habitat for a diversity of large water birds and mammals. Globally important species including tigers, clouded leopards, elephants, banteng (a type of wild cattle), sarus cranes, Siamese crocodiles and many more still inhabit the wilds of Cambodia. Likewise, the Mekong River and associated systems including the Tonle Sap (Great Lake) contain an abundance of fish and other aquatic species that provide an important food source for most Cambodians.
Coastal systems of Cambodia are also diverse, including coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds and other biodiverse ecosystems.